Plants for Edible Water Gardens, Spring Fever, Jiaogulan, Beansprouts YCH# 52

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  • Edible Water Gardens Can Be:

  • Natural Ponds
  • Artificial Ponds
  • Aquaponics Systems

Natural ponds have the advantage that you could grow colonies op plants.  Be careful not to introduce non native, invasive species into ponds that can spread to greater waterways. Artificial ponds can be anything from a container that holds a few plants in water, to a kiddie pool, to a larger pond with a liner with different heights and waterfalls.  These could be very easy to set up and easy to maintain. Aquaponics Systems grow fish and plants together. The advantage is the fish feed the fish can be harvested for eating.

Aquatic Plants Grow at Different Depths:

Marginal Plants: Don’t have to be in the water; but like wet soil. Good for the ponds edge.

  • Achira (Canna edulis)
  • Arrowhead (Sagittaria latifolia)
  • Belembe, tannier  (Xanthosoma brasilense)
  • Cranebrake bamboo  (Arundinaria gigantean)
  • Chufa  (Cyperus esculentus)
  • Daylily  (Hemerocallis fulva)
  • Fuki ( Petacites japonicaus)
  • Groundnuts  (Apios Americana)
  •  Ostrich Fern  (Matteucia struthiopteris)
  • Ramps  (Allium tricoccum)
  • Skirret  (Sium sisarum)
  • Taro (Colocasia esculenta)
  • Wasabi  (Wasabi japonica)
  • Water celery  (Oenanthe sarmentosa)
  • Water mimosa  (Neptunia oleracea)
  • Water Mint (Mentha aqautica)
  • Water spinach  (Ipomoea aquatic)
  • Watercress  (Nasturcium officiale)
  • Wild rice (fritillaria camshatcenussi)

Emergent Aquatics:  Grow underwater and send leaves up above the surface. For shallow water 3-4 inches deep:

  • Taro   (Colocasia esculenta)
  • Violet stem taro   (Colocasia esculenta)
  • Water chestnut  (Eleocharis dulcis)
  • Licorice flag (Acorus gramineus)  can be grown in bog or shallow water
  • Tsi  (Houttuynia cordata) can be grown in bog or shallow water

For deeper water – 2 ft.

  • Water lotus  (Nelumbo mucifera)
  • Arrowhead  (Saggitaria spp.)
  • Cattails (Typha spp.)
  • Pickerel rush  (Pontederia cordats)

Floating Aquatics: Grow on the surface of the water.  They provide shade and prevent algae from growing.

  • Water mimosa  (Neptunia oleracea)
  • Duckweeds  (Lemma spp.)
  • Water meal  (Wolfia spp.)
  • Asian water meal  (Wolfia globosa)
  • Azola  (Azola spp)

Emergent Floaters:  Grow as floating mats or in partially submerged pots.

  • Water celery  (Oenanthe sarmentosa)
  • Water spinach  (Ipomoea aquatic)
  • Watercress  (Nasturcium officiale)

Submerged Aquatics:  Grow mostly underwater and help prevent algae by using up dissolved nutrients.

  • Coontail (Ceratophyllum demersum)
  • Whorl leaved water milfoil (Myriophyllum verticillanum)
  • Sago pondweed (Stuckenia pectinatus)
  • Eelgrass (Vallisneria Americana)

 

Link for Jiaogulan: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S5DwcnZ8XYk

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