Juneberries, Cornelian Cherry, Making Lye Soap, Deodorant, Dish Washing Liquid, Bath Bombs YCH#20

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I  have an update on growing blueberries.  Companion planting.  what plants grow well with blueberries.  Well, they have to be acid loving plants, and here is a list:

Wintergreen a good ground cover.

Landscape plants: rhododendron, comptonia, juniper, heath, blue hydrangea, holly (winterberry), petunia, pansy, azalea, viola, cranberry, bleeding heart, stokes aster, camellia, foxglove.

I also will talk about edible landscaping.  I hope to include some plants you may never have heard of.  We already talked about some: blueberries, elderberries, medlar, etc.  Today I will go into detail on Juneberries:  They look like a blueberry and taste like a cherry with an almond flavored seed.  That sounds delicious!  They are the size of blueberries and usually blue or purple.  They are a pom fruit related to the apple and pear. They can be red and even creamy white.  There are many species. They have grown in Asia, Europe, and North America.  The grow in every state in the continental US and all over Canada.  The American Indians used the berries in making pemmican by pounding the meat into the fat of deer, moose, caribou and buffalo.   With all the different species they range in size from shrubby plants to trees reaching 50 feet in height.  They are also beautiful plants.  In early spring they are covered in white blossoms.  In the summer they have the fruit and soft green leaves.  In the fall they bear purple, orange and yellow colors.  Then in winter they bear a striated gray bark.  One variety known as Saskatoon (Amelanchier alnifolia) is a mispronounced Cree Indian name (mis-sask-quah-too-min)  It is very cold hardy and can tolerate -60 degrees F.  Fruit color comes in blue, creamy white and red.  Berries can reach over 1/2 inch in size. Hardiness zones for Juneberries are 3-8.  They can fruit in sun or partial shade and tolerate a wide variety of soils.  They bear fruit 2-4 years after planting.  It will be easier to harvest with plants that only get about 6 feet tall.  And they should be about 8 feet apart.  Pruning every winter will produce more and juicier fruit.  Some species put out suckers and can be propagated by a sucker with lots of roots.  The type for trees can be planted from seed.  They often grow true to seed. (exception white Juneberries)  If planting from seed, don’t et them dry out and stratify for 3-4 months. Softwood stem cuttings can be rooted also, but must be taken at just the right time.  They must be harvested as soon as they are ripe or they will shrivel quickly.  They are great fresh, in jams, jellies or frozen.

Cornelian Cherry:  Cornelian cherries are basically dogwoods with edible seeds. This fruit has been eaten for over 7000 years.  Trace of it were found  at a site in Northern Greece with remains of einkorn wheat, barley, lentils, and peas.  It can grow to 25 ft. tall.

We also discuss in the podcast:

Making deodorant, bath bombs, dishwashing liquid.  And I go into greater detail on soap making.  And as always I’ll talk about updates around the farm.

 

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