Archives for February 2014

Edible Water Gardens, Seed Balls, Blueberries, Motherwort, Getting Ready For Spring YCH # 51

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What To Do With All Those Old Seeds – Seed Balls:

A seed ball is also called “earth ball”.  It is a variety of seeds rolled into a ball with clay.  Also humus or compost may be added as microbial inoculants.  Cotton-fibres or liquefied paper may be added to strengthen the outside  to protect the clay ball.  Especially for throwing it or in harsh habitats.

This technique was used in the ancient Middle East, Egypt and Northern Africa.  It was used in Egypt to repair farms after the spring flooding of the Nile.  During World War 2,  a Japanese scientist named Masanobu Fukuoka rediscovered this technique.    He was looking for a way to increase food production without taking away  land allocated for rice farming on the mountainous island of Shikoku.

The basic procedure for making seed balls is 5 parts red clay to 1 part seeds. 1 -3 Parts compost may also be added.  Mix seeds and compost, then add in  clay and enough water to form the balls.

Seed balls have been used all over the world to reseed ecosystems, while avoiding insects and animals and protecting seeds until rain falls.  They can then germinate when the time is right.

Seed balls have become popular with guerilla gardening in urban areas.  And are even available for purchase now.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seed_ball

Here is a link to a cute article on seed bombs. http://www.guerrillagardening.org/ggseedbombs.html

Edible Water Garden

Edible water gardens are:

  1. Sustainable -Once planted, just top the water off
  2. Easy to grow- Very little weeds, no spraying or watering
  3. Beautiful- They add beauty to your yard, balcony or home
  4. Productive- A lot of food can be grown in a small space
  5. Entertaining- You can relax and watch frogs, lizard, birds, dragonflies, fish, etc. interact and listen to water falls or bubbling water.

List of Plant for Edible Water Garden: http://www.ozwatergardens.com.au/edible-aquatic-plants

http://www.thestarpress.com/article/20140209/NEWS01/302090031/Glynn-Barber

Disclaimer:

The following information is solely for informational purposes. IT IS NOT INTENDED TO PROVIDE MEDICAL ADVICE. Neither Gale nor I take any responsibility for any possible consequences from any treatment, procedure, exercise, dietary modification, action or application of medication which results from implementing the herb and supplement information we provide. I (Divinia) am not a medical practitioner, and while Gale is an RN, neither this podcast, nor her blog is an attempt to practice medicine. The information we provide does not replace the advice of your physician or other health care providers. You should seek the advice of your physician or other health care providers before engaging in any complementary medical technique. This includes the use of natural or herbal remedies. You should be aware that many of the natural remedies we talk about have not been evaluated in scientific studies. Also, the use of some herbs and supplements along with certain over the counter or prescription medications may cause adverse reactions.

 

BLUEBERRIES:

…the why, what, where, and how of Blueberries:

The three kinds I will be planting this year:

Dwarf Nothblue: http://www.gurneys.com/product/dwarf_northblue_blueberry/blueberry-plants

Blueray: http://www.burpee.com/fruit-plants/blueberry-plants/blueberry-blueray-prod000513.html?catId=3048

Healthy Rubel: http://www.gurneys.com/product/healthy_rubel_blueberries/blueberry-plants

…the health benifits of blueberries:

Immune System Booster

http://www.blueberry.org/antioxidants.htm

Vision Improvement

http://www.livestrong.com/article/113796-health-benefits-eating-blueberries/

Belly Fat Loss

http://www.webmd.com/heart/news/20090419/blueberries-may-banish-belly-fat

Bone Health

http://www.ars.usda.gov/is/pr/2011/110621.htm

Relief/Prevention of Constipation

http://www.livestrong.com/article/356471-blueberries-constipation/

Brain food

http://www.naturalnews.com/news_000576_blueberries_memory_loss_alzheimers.html

Heart health

http://www.uofmhealth.org/News/1113benefits-of-blueberries

Blood Sugar Stabilizer

http://www.whfoods.com/genpage.php?tname=foodspice&dbid=8

Cancer-Fighter

http://www.livestrong.com/article/471692-can-blueberries-shrink-cancer-cells/

Bladder Aid

http://www.health.com/health/gallery/0,,20306607_3,00.html

Basic blueberry types include:

Lowbush (cold tolerant, less productive),

Northern Highbush (zone 5-7 or colder),

Southern Highbush (zones 7-10),

Rabbiteye (best for southern growers)

Saskatoon (not a true blueberry, but extremely cold tolerant).

Plant at least two, preferably three variates for best production.

Check with your local USDA Extension Office to find out what varieties are best for you to grow:http://www.csrees.usda.gov/Extension/

Blueberries grow best with an acid soil pH between 4 and 5.5

Decrease soil PH with coffee grinds, peat moss, green pine needles or a soil amendment high in sulfur like Espoma Orcanic Soil Acidifier: http://www.espoma.com/p_consumer/pdf/products/Esp_Soil_acidif.pdf

Use acidic soil loving plants for companions. Here’s a link to a great chart of plants divided by their Acid/Alkaline preference:

http://lazycompost.com/pH.shtml (It’s the ONLY one I found that listed strawberries and cranberries, which is what I will be using.

Laurie over at Common Sense Homesteading has more information on growing, watering and how she keeps birds off her bushes:

http://www.commonsensehome.com/blueberries-growing-the-superfruit/

and another great link for growing blueberries and their benefits:

http://www.organicgardening.com/learn-and-grow/blueberries?page=0,1 

  Motherwort – Leonurus cardiaca

The uses of Motherwort, the doses of Motherwort, the precautions you should take with Motherwort, how to grow Motherwort and other Motherwort information can be found at:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leonurus_cardiaca

http://health.howstuffworks.com/wellness/natural-medicine/herbal-remedies/motherwort-herbal-remedies.htm

http://herbgardens.about.com/od/medicinalherbs/p/How-To-Grow-And-Use-Motherwort-In-The-Herb-Garden.htm

http://www.health-care-tips.org/herbal-medicines/motherwort.htm

Some of you may need to read Wellness Mama’s tutorial “How to make Herbal Tinctures” if you don’t already know how:

http://wellnessmama.com/8168/how-to-make-herbal-tinctures/

Aqauponics, Resistant Starches, Chlorella, Cod Liver Oil YCH # 50

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Time Stamp For Podcast:

I have decided to try and add a time stamp for the podcast.  it is a little more work, but I believe this will benefit people in being able to quickly find info they are interested in.  Let me know if this is worthwhile to you.

00-28.30 Aqauponics by Gale  Basic system set up and part.  My plans, the cheap and easy way.

28.33-32.00 Resistant Starch/Prebiotics – Gale & Divinia

32.00 – 32.53 Jerusalem Artichokes

32.53-35.44 Cod Liver Oil and rheumatoid Arthritis – Divinia & Gale

36.50-40.14 Chlorella – Divinia & Gale

40.14-43.53 Pet poisoning from old dairy (mycotoxins)  Divinia & Gale

44.04-45.43  Hardy lentil soup Recipe Divinia

45.43-end farm updates, invading dogs. How effective are electric fences, possible option of livestock guardian dog.

Times may be off a little.  edited 3 times.  Thanks audacity!

Links:

Here is nice link that gives a quick easy to understand detailed explanation on aquaponics:

http://www.gardenfork.tv/hydroponics-plus-fish-farm-equals-aquaponics-a-how-to

Aquaponics the cheap way.  Travis Hughey’s Barrelponics PDF: http://www.aces.edu/dept/fisheries/education/documents/barrel-ponics.pdf

What about food grade grow beds.  An idea for using cheap plastic and making is safer.

Use a food safe liner: http://www.theaquaponicstore.com/6-Wide-Dura-Skrim-s/216.htm

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TfrvXtC0Kk0

40 aquaponic growbeds for 13 cents a day http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xiHVHdlmRL0&list=PL17i08QeSc5UYNTIShlay17YQfE6jPYP3

Travis Hughey’s site  http://www.fastonline.org/

See the mechanical pump.   https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZLIr3naUzK4

http://thegreenfarmacygarden.com/2013/10/06/jim-dukes-songbook-for-the-2013-aceer-legacy-award/

http://www.japan-aquaponics.com/micro-aquaponics-plans.html

HEALTH

~I found an article that one of our listeners might find really interesting at the healthy Home Economist dot com:

Study Shows Cod Liver Oil Reduces Rheumatoid Arthritis Pain

http://www.thehealthyhomeeconomist.com/cod-liver-oil-reduces-rheumatoid-arthritis-pain/

## and I want to thank Maia for reaching out to me and thank you for all your kind words about Gale and me and this podcast.##

~I found an interesting article on Chlorella at natural news dot com

http://www.naturalnews.com/043663_chlorella_superfood_disease_prevention.html#ixzz2rcQGzJB3

and I believe I will give it a try:

Tablet (for starters to see if it’s worth taking)

http://www.swansonvitamins.com/swanson-greenfoods-formulas-broken-cell-wall-chlorella-500-mg-360-tabs

Powder (for after I’ve found it’s worth taking and will add it to juice when I start juicing)

http://www.swansonvitamins.com/swanson-greenfoods-formulas-certified-organic-chlorella-powder-90-grams-3-17-oz-pwdr?csi=SWR006&csp=SWR064

PET HEALTH

~Someone posted a warning on facebook about dogs getting strychnine poisoning from eating old dairy products. I found this difficult to believe and found the following abstract posted at PupMed dot gov::

Tremorgenic mycotoxin intoxication with penitrem A and roquefortine in two dogs.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12523480

RECIPELentil Soup

Ingredients:

2 Chicken Leg Quarters

1# Sorted and washed Lentils
1.5# Thawed Frozen Tomatoes (any tomatoes will do)
¼ Cup dry minced onions (any onions will do)
1 TBS. Granulated Garlic
1 TBS Parsley
1 TBS Lawry’s Seasoned Salt

Fill dutch oven about ¾ of the way with water, a little salt, and leg quarters. Boil until done about 30 minutes. Remove chicken and set aside (I usually put in the fridge) to cool. Add sorted and washed Lentils and seasoning. Bring to boil for about 10 minutes. When cool enough pick chicken from the bone, large pieces should be cut to be spoon/bite size. Add tomatoes and and chicken to the pot and reduce heat to simmer. Simmer for about 10 minutes and remove from heat. Leave covered for a while to let the seasoning permeate the chicken while it cools a little. Makes about 6 servings.

teresting article on resistant starch: http://freetheanimal.com/2013/12/resistant-primer-newbies.html

 

 

Aquaponic Gardening With Sylvia Bernstein YCH #49

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I feel so honored that Sylvia agreed to come on and chat about aquaponics.  Sylvia is a wonderful teacher and loves aquaponics.  She even gave up a dream job to pursue her love for this.  I am linking below to her website, aquaponic community, Facebook page, book, and You Tube Channel.  If you’re not so sure about all this; please check out her awesome You Tube channel.  I am so impressed by this lady and just love her videos and book.  I felt like we were old friends even before I met her on Skype!
Aquaponic Gardening Community: http://community.theaquaponicsource.com/
Also a link to Travis Hughey’s  You Tube Channel on Barrelponics: (cheap way to go): http://www.youtube.com/user/barrelponic
Check out The Urban Farming Guys: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CfR9nDsvBk8
Barrelponics pdf.  Detailed instructions on how to do barrelponics.  I think this is the cheapest way to go!  Check it out here:
And below is just a fun, interesting link I came across of Facebook.

BOLD: "Stagecoach" Mary Fields (1832-1914), the first African American mail carrier (male or female) in the United States</p><br /><br /><br /><br />
<p>Mary Fields began her life as a slave in Tennessee in 1832, the exact date is unknown.  Mary’s mother Susanna was the personal servant to the plantation owner’s wife, Mrs. Dunnes.  The plantation wife also had a daughter who was born within two weeks of Mary, and named Dolly. Mrs. Dunne allowed the children to play together.  Over the years Mary was taught to read and write and the two girls became best friends.  At sixteen, Dolly was sent to boarding school in Ohio and Mary was left all alone.</p><br /><br /><br /><br />
<p>Mary’s father worked in the fields on the Dunnes’ farm.  He was sold after Mary was born.  Mary’s mother wanted her daughter to have a last name, so since her father Buck worked in the fields, her mother decided her last name should be Fields.  So thus Mary Fields came to be.   After Mary’s mother passed away, Mary became the head of the household at the young age of fourteen. </p><br /><br /><br /><br />
<p>After Dolly went away to boarding school, The Civil War began.  The slaves were left to fend for themselves.  It was during this time that she learned many life survival skills.  She learned how to garden, raise chickens and practice medicine with natural herbs. </p><br /><br /><br /><br />
<p>Around the age of 30 Mary heard from her dear friend Dolly.  Dolly was now a nun and was renamed Sister Amadaus. The Sister asked Mary to join her at a convent in Ohio.  Mary immediately began her twenty-day trip from Tennessee to Ohio.   Mary remained with the Ursuline Sisters for many years – even when Dolly relocated to the St. Peter’s Mission in Montana.   Mary never married and she had no children.  The nuns were her family.  She protected the nuns.</p><br /><br /><br /><br />
<p>Mary wanted to follow her friend to Montana, but was told it was too remote and rustic.  However, that all changed when Mother Amadaus became ill with pneumonia and wrote to Mary asking for her support and healing.  Mary wasted no time and departed for Montana by stagecoach in 1885.  At 53 years old Mary started her new life in Montana.   Mary helped nurse Mother Amadaus back to health.  The sisters were all in amazement of this tough black woman.  Mary was no stranger to rolling a cigar, shooting guns and drinking whiskey.  She grew fresh vegetables that were enjoyed by the Sisters and the surrounding community.  Mary was forced to leave her beloved mission and the Sisters after a shooting incident.  Mary shot in self-defense, and was found innocent, but had to find a new home. </p><br /><br /><br /><br />
<p>Wells Fargo had the mail contract during that time and was looking for someone for the Great Falls to Fort Benton route to deliver the U.S. Mail.  It was a rough and rugged route and would require a person of strong will and great survival skills to maneuver the snowy roads and high winds.  Mary immediately applied at the ripe age of 60 years old.  It was rumored that she could hitch a team of horses faster than the boys half her age and due to her toughness, she was hired!  Mary became the first African American mail carrier in the United States and the second woman.  Mary was proud of the fact that her stage was never held up.  Mary and her mule Moses, never missed a day and it was during this time that she earned the nickname of “Stagecoach,” for her unfailing reliability.</p><br /><br /><br /><br />
<p>The townspeople adopted Mary as one of their own.  They celebrated her birthday twice a year since she didn’t know the exact date of her real birthday. Mary Fields was known as Black Mary and Stagecoach Mary.  She was considered an eccentric even in these modern times.  She was six feet tall and over 200 pounds.    By the time she was well known in Central Montana, she had a pet eagle, a penchant for whiskey, baseball (which was a new sport at the time) and a heart as big as the gun she was famous for carrying.  Mary wore a buffalo skin dress that she made herself – you might say she drew attention wherever she went – even in a small western pioneer town.  Mary was a local celebrity and her legend and tales of her adventures were known by surrounding communities and neighboring states. </p><br /><br /><br /><br />
<p>Gary Cooper (the actor) had his mail delivered by Mary as a young boy in Cascade County.   As an adult, he wrote about her for Ebony Magazine in 1955.  Her wrote of her kindness and his admiration for her. The famous western artists Charlie Russell drew a sketch of her.  It was a pen and ink sketch of a mule kicking over a basket of eggs with Mary looking none to happy. </p><br /><br /><br /><br />
<p>Mary retired her post in 1901 and passed away in 1914.  She is buried at Highland Cemetery at St. Peter’s Mission.  Her grave is marked with a simple cross.

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BOLD: “Stagecoach” Mary Fields (1832-1914), the first African American mail carrier (male or female) in the United States Mary Fields began her life as a slave… in Tennessee in 1832, the exact date is unknown.  Mary’s mother Susanna was the personal servant to the plantation owner’s wife, Mrs. Dunnes.  The plantation wife also had a daughter who was born within two weeks of Mary, and named Dolly. Mrs. Dunne allowed the children to play together.  Over the years Mary was taught to read and write and the two girls became best friends.  At sixteen, Dolly was sent to boarding school in Ohio and Mary was left all alone.  Mary’s father worked in the fields on the Dunnes’ farm.  He was sold after Mary was born.  Mary’s mother wanted her daughter to have a last name, so since her father Buck worked in the fields, her mother decided her last name should be Fields.  So thus Mary Fields came to be.   After Mary’s mother passed away, Mary became the head of the household at the young age of fourteen.   After Dolly went away to boarding school, The Civil War began.  The slaves were left to fend for themselves.  It was during this time that she learned many life survival skills.  She learned how to garden, raise chickens and practice medicine with natural herbs.   Around the age of 30 Mary heard from her dear friend Dolly.  Dolly was now a nun and was renamed Sister Amadaus. The Sister asked Mary to join her at a convent in Ohio.  Mary immediately began her twenty-day trip from Tennessee to Ohio.   Mary remained with the Ursuline Sisters for many years – even when Dolly relocated to the St. Peter’s Mission in Montana.   Mary never married and she had no children.  The nuns were her family.  She protected the nuns.  Mary wanted to follow her friend to Montana, but was told it was too remote and rustic.  However, that all changed when Mother Amadaus became ill with pneumonia and wrote to Mary asking for her support and healing.  Mary wasted no time and departed for Montana by stagecoach in 1885.  At 53 years old Mary started her new life in Montana.   Mary helped nurse Mother Amadaus back to health.  The sisters were all in amazement of this tough black woman.  Mary was no stranger to rolling a cigar, shooting guns and drinking whiskey.  She grew fresh vegetables that were enjoyed by the Sisters and the surrounding community.  Mary was forced to leave her beloved mission and the Sisters after a shooting incident.  Mary shot in self-defense, and was found innocent, but had to find a new home.   Wells Fargo had the mail contract during that time and was looking for someone for the Great Falls to Fort Benton route to deliver the U.S. Mail.  It was a rough and rugged route and would require a person of strong will and great survival skills to maneuver the snowy roads and high winds.  Mary immediately applied at the ripe age of 60 years old.  It was rumored that she could hitch a team of horses faster than the boys half her age and due to her toughness, she was hired!  Mary became the first African American mail carrier in the United States and the second woman.  Mary was proud of the fact that her stage was never held up.  Mary and her mule Moses, never missed a day and it was during this time that she earned the nickname of “Stagecoach,” for her unfailing reliability.  The townspeople adopted Mary as one of their own.  They celebrated her birthday twice a year since she didn’t know the exact date of her real birthday. Mary Fields was known as Black Mary and Stagecoach Mary.  She was considered an eccentric even in these modern times.  She was six feet tall and over 200 pounds.    By the time she was well known in Central Montana, she had a pet eagle, a penchant for whiskey, baseball (which was a new sport at the time) and a heart as big as the gun she was famous for carrying.  Mary wore a buffalo skin dress that she made herself – you might say she drew attention wherever she went – even in a small western pioneer town.  Mary was a local celebrity and her legend and tales of her adventures were known by surrounding communities and neighboring states.   Gary Cooper (the actor) had his mail delivered by Mary as a young boy in Cascade County.   As an adult, he wrote about her for Ebony Magazine in 1955.  Her wrote of her kindness and his admiration for her. The famous western artists Charlie Russell drew a sketch of her.  It was a pen and ink sketch of a mule kicking over a basket of eggs with Mary looking none to happy.   Mary retired her post in 1901 and passed away in 1914.  She is buried at Highland Cemetery at St. Peter’s Mission.  Her grave is marked with a simple cross.

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